ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /var/www/widyariset/classes/article/Article.inc.php At line: 76 Stacktrace: Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.33-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 Apache Version: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu) DB Driver: mysql DB server version: 5.7.22-0ubuntu0.16.04.1


Reni Nuraeni, Amallia Ashuri


Greenhouse gasses (GHG) that produced by anaerobic digestion of wastewater consists of CH4 gas and NO2 gas. Beside the data of specific activity, the specific emission factor also plays important part to determinate GHG emission. The aim of this paper is to know specific emission factor value from communal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), as an input to determinate GHG emission for determination of GHG emission reduction rate. The data was collected by taking sample of BOD, CH4 gas, and CO2 gas from communal WWTPs. Sampling location were communal WWTPs in Jakarta City, Bandung City, and Yogyakarta City. Those WWTPs using anaerobic baffle reactor as their treatment system with capacity varied between 40-200 EP. The parameters were BOD and CH4 that measured using grab sampling in the morning and evening. Data analyzed by quantitative methods. The specific emission factor value was determined from CH4 gas measurement which affected by wastewater treatment unit dimension, gas catcher chamber, and air suction pump capacity. The analysis results showed specific emission factor for communal WWTPs from the three cities is 0.00171 kg CH4/kg BOD. The value has bid difference when compared to IPCC’s default that is 0.48 kg CH4/kg BOD. This is due to the formation of CH4 gas and CO2 gas was strongly influenced by environmental condition in real time condition. This factor is not taken into consideration in IPCC’s default.


Specific factor emission; Greenhouse gasses; Domestic wastewater; Communal WWTP

Full Text:


Ahamed, A., Chen, C.-L., Rajagopal, R., Wu, D., Mao, Y., Ho, I. J. R., … Wang, J.-Y. (2015). Multi-phased anaerobic baffled reactor treating food waste. Bioresource Technology, 182, 239–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2015.01.117

Ashrafi, O., Yerushalmi, L., & Haghighat, F. (2014). Greenhouse Gas Emission and Energy Consumption in Wastewater Treatment Plants: Impact of Operating Parameters. CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, 42(3), 207–220. https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201200158

Chang, J., Kyung, D., & Lee, W. (2014). Estimation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from wastewater treatment plants and effect of biogas reuse on GHG mitigation. Advances in Environmental Research, 3(2), 173–183. https://doi.org/10.12989/aer.2014.3.2.173

Daelman, M. R. J., van Voorthuizen, E. M., van Dongen, L. G. J. M., Volcke, E. I. P., & van Loosdrecht, M. C. M. (2013). Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from municipal wastewater treatment – results from a long-term study. Water Science & Technology, 67(10), 2350. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2013.109

Dioha, I. J., Ikeme, C., Nafi, T., Soba, N. I., & Mbs, Y. (2013). EFFECT OF CARBON TO NITROGEN RATIO ON BIOGAS PRODUCTION. International Research Journal of Natural Sciences, 1(3), 1–10. Retrieved from http://www.eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/EFFECT-OF-CARBON-TO-NITROGEN-RATIO-ON-BIOGAS-PRODUCTION.pdf

Gupta, D., & Singh, S. K. (2012). Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Wastewater Treatment Plants: A Case Study of Noida. Journal of Water Sustainability, 1, 131–140. https://doi.org/10.11912/jws.2.2.131-139

Hastuti, E., & Yudiarti, I. (2009). Greenhouse Gas and Wastewater Treatment Options. In Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources and Coastal Management in Developing Countries. Manado.

IPCC. (2006). IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Volume 5 : Waste.

Kampschreur, M. J., Temmink, H., Kleerebezem, R., Jetten, M. S. M., & van Loosdrecht, M. C. M. (2009). Nitrous oxide emission during wastewater treatment. Water Research, 43(17), 4093–4103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2009.03.001

Leverenz, H. L., Tchobanoglous, P. E. G., Jeannie, P. E., & Darby, L. (2010). EVALUATION OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM SEPTIC SYSTEMS. Retrieved from www.werf.org

Li, J., Shi, E., Antwi, P., & Leu, S.-Y. (2016). Modeling the performance of an anaerobic baffled reactor with the variation of hydraulic retention time. Bioresource Technology, 214, 477–486. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2016.04.128

Monteith, H. D., Sahely, H. R., MacLean, H. L., & Bagley, D. M. (n.d.). A Rational Procedure for Estimation of Greenhouse-Gas Emissions from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. Retrieved from http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/wef/wer/2005/00000077/00000004/art00010

Rajagopal, R., Massé, D. I., & Singh, G. (2013). A critical review on inhibition of anaerobic digestion process by excess ammonia. Bioresource Technology, 143, 632–641. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2013.06.030

Singh, P., & Kansal, A. (2018). Energy and GHG accounting for wastewater infrastructure. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 128, 499–507. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RESCONREC.2016.07.014

Yan, X., Li, L., & Liu, J. (2014). Characteristics of greenhouse gas emission in three full-scale wastewater treatment processes. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 26(2), 256–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60429-5

Yenigün, O., & Demirel, B. (2013). Ammonia inhibition in anaerobic digestion: A review. Process Biochemistry, 48(5–6), 901–911. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PROCBIO.2013.04.012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/widyariset.4.1.2018.37-48


Copyright (c) 2018 Widyariset

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by :