The role of biotechnology for improvement of soybean production in sub-optimal land

Suyanto Pawiroharsono

Abstract


Soybean is the one of the most important food commodities after rice and maize. It is considered as significant
protein sources and is also used as raw material for several foods and feeds industries. The availability
of soybean is mostly fulfilled from import, namely around 60% or 1.2 million ton/year. Therefore, the increase
of soybean productivity is an opportunity that should to be executed for minimizing the dependency of imported
product. The development of soybean productivity for self supporting is very reasonable. The potencies, such as the
technologies readiness (tolerant superior varieties and bio-fertilizer) and farming technology, are considered as
success factors for supporting the increase of soybean productivities in sub-optimal lands. Meanwhile, the potency
of sub-optimal land for agriculture is still large quantity, namely 30.67 million hectares. The successful requires
the supports of government policies and their commitments as well as the participation of farmer communities.

Keywords


Soybean production, Superior varieties, Bio-fertilizer, Sub-optimal lands

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/widyariset.15.3.2012.665–672

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