EMBRYONIC AND EARLY LARVAE DEVELOPMENT OF WILD BETTA (Betta imbellis LADIGES 1975)

Sawung Cindelaras, Anjang Bangun Prasetio, Eni Kusrini

Abstract


Cupang (Betta imbellis) is a popular ornamental and fighting fish in Indonesia. Its popularity is not followed by its scientific information. The aim of this study was to explore the embryonic stages and early larva development. This information is needed for fish breeding. Total of 20–40 eggs and larvae were observed under a microscope with 40 and 100 magnifications. Eggs were observed every cleavage stage and larvae were observed every 12 hours. Fertilized eggs were seen translucent with dark yolk egg in a diameter of 1.09±0.04 mm. Cleavage stages occurred during 4–55 minutes after fertilization. Larvae hatched ±29 hrs after fertilization.The length of hatched larvae was 2.42 ±0.076 m, while yolk volume was 0.11 ±0.028 mm2. Larvae became free-swimming in 2-3
days and yolk were fully absorbed in 3–4 days after hatching and started to eat. The cleavage stage occurs for 55 minutes after fertilization and becomes foraging with a size of mouth opening 0.31±0.005mm which could consume nauplii ofArtemiasp.

Keywords


Betta imbellis; Embryo; Development; Stages

Full Text:

References


Facts about Peaceful Betta (Betta imbellis). 2012.(http://eol.org/page/223141/details, Diakses pada 12 Agustus 2012).

Rainboth, W .J, 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekhong. FAO Species IdentificationFiGuidefor FisheryPurposesRoma:FAO.

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari dan S. Wirioatmodjo. 1993.Ikan-ikan Indonesia Bagian Barat dan Sulawesi. Hongkong:Periplus Edition.

ITIS Standard Report Pages: Betta imbellis, 2012.(http://www.itis.gov/,Diakses pada 12 Agustus 2012).

Berra, T.M. 2001. Freshwater Fish Distribution. New York: Academic Press.

Nelson, J. S. 1994. Fishes of The World. 3rd Edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng. 2005. The fighting fishes (Teleostei: Osphronemidae: Genus Betta) of Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement13:43–99.

Tan, H.H. 2011. Diversity of Fighting Fishes-Ikan Cupang. Prosiding Forum Inovasi dan Teknologi Akuakultur. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan Budidaya.p.37.

Betta imbellis: Cresent Betta. 2012. (http://www.fishbase.org/summar/Betta-imbellis. html, Diakses pada 12 Agustus 2012).

Kusrini, E. et al. 2011. Peningkatan Kualitas Genetik pada Ikan Cupang Alam (Lokal) dengan Persilangan. Laporan Akhir Penelitian, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Budidaya Ikan Hias. Depok: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Monvises, A. et al. 2009. The Siamese Fighting Fish: Well-known Generally but LittleKnown Scientifically. Journal Science Society of Thailand35(2)8–16.

Prasetio, A. B. et al.2011. Perbaikan Kualitas Warna Ikan Cupang Lokal (Bettasp) dengan Transfer Gen Pemendar.Laporan Akhir Penelitian, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Budidaya Ikan Hias. Depok: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Woynarovich, E and L. Horvarth. 1980. The Artificial Propagation of WarmwaterFinfishes. A Manual for Extention. Roma: F. A. O. Fisheries Tech.p.201and 183.

Hemming, T. A. and R. K. Buddington. 1988. Yolk Absorption In Embrionic and Larvae Fishes, p : 407–445 in W.S. Hoar and Randall (Eds) Fish Physiology. Vol. XI. New York: Academic Press. p.178–253.

Effendi, M. I. 1977. Biologi Perikanan. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama. p.48–67.

Zamroni, M. Nurhidayat dan S. Cindelaras. 2011. Pemijahan dan Perkembangan Awal Larva Ikan Rasbora (Rasbora argyrotaenia). Jurnal Riset Akuakultur (In press).

Cindelaras, S. dan E. Kusrini. 2010. Perkembangan Embrio Ikan Featherfin Catfish (Synodontis eupterus). Prosiding Forum Inovasi dan Teknologi Akuakultur. Buku I. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan Budidaya. p.230–234.

Kimmel, C. B et al. 1995. Stages of Embryonic Development of the Zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics203:253-310.

Groth, W. O. 1970. Embryology of Siamese Fighting Fish, Betta splendens. Tesis, The School of Graduate studies. Iowa: Drake University.

Stuart, G. W. et al. 1988. Stable Lines of Transgenic Zebrafish Exhibit Reproducible Patterns of Transgene Expression. The Company of Biologyst Limited: Development(103):403-412.

Braum, E. 1978. Ecological Aspect of the Survival of Fish Egg, Embryos and Larvae. In S. D. Gerking (Eds). Ecology of Freshwater Fish Production. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publication. p.102-131.

Blaxter, J. H. S. 1969. Development of Egg and Larvae. In W. S. Hoar and Randall. (Eds) Vol. XI.Fish Phisiology. New York, London: Academic Press. p.178-253.

Kadarini, T. dan M. Zamroni. 2012. Perkembangan Larva Ikan Rainbow Kurumoi (Melanotaenia parva). Jurnal Riset Akuakultur (In press).

Lagler, K. F, J. E. Bardach., and R.R Miller. 1962. Ichthyology. 1st Edition. New York, London: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. p.545.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/widyariset.1.1.2015.%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Widyariset

Indexed by :