Pengawetan Kayu Karet Menggunakan Asap Cair dan Ekstrak Kunyit dengan Teknik Perendaman Dingin

Sherly Hanifarianty, Afrizal Vachlepi

Abstract


Rubber wood (Hevea brasiliensis) is a wood with low durability wood. In general, rubber wood is preserved by chemicals which are relatively not environmental friendly. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of liquid smoke from pyrolysis of palm oil kernel and turmeric extract as wood preservatives. Rubber wood was soaked in 5% w/v of liquid smoke and turmeric extract, respectively for 2, 8, and 14 days which preservation was carried out for six months. Formaline and boric acids was used for comparison as well. The used parameters were preservative retention, moisture content during storage, color changes, and damage level. The results indicated that the longer the immersion, the greater the preservative retention and water content. Turmeric extract and liquid smoke provided a brownish yellow and light brown color. In general, liquid smoke for two days of immersion adequate for six months preservation whereas turmeric acid for two months.

Keywords


Rubber wood; Cold soaking; Formaline; Boric acid; Turmeric extracts; Liquid smoked

Full Text:

References


Aini, N., Morisco, and Anita. 2009. “Pengaruh Pengawetan Terhadap Kekuatan dan Keawetan Produk Laminasi Bambu.” Forum Teknik Sipil.

Ardiansa, Budi, Ariyanti, and Abdul Hapid. 2014. “Pengaruh Konsentrasi dan Lama Perendaman Kayu Sengon (Paraserianthes Falcataria L . Nielsen) Dalam Ekstrak Daun Sirsak (Annona Muricata L.) Terhadap Serangan Rayap Tanah (Coptotermes Sp.).” Warta Rimba 2 (1): 81–87.

Ardianto, Jamaluddin, and Mohammad Wijaya. 2017. “Perubahan Kadar Air Ubi Kayu Selama Pengeringan Menggunakan Pengering Kabinet.” Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Pertanian 3: S112–16.

Barly, and Agus Ismanto. 2009. “Kefektifan Seng Khlorida-Dikromat Sebagai Bahan Pengawet Kayu.” Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 26 (4): 332–41.

Barly, Agus Ismanto, and Dominicus Martono. 2011. “Dayaguna Campuran Soda Abu-Boraks Sebagai Anti Jamur Biru dan Rayap.” Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 29 (2): 179–88.

Barly, and D. Martono. 2010. “Efikasi Dua Senyawa Karbonat Terhadap Jamur Biru.” In Prosiding 7 Basic Science National Seminar, III 247-254. Universitas Brawiajaya, Malang.

Barly, and Pipin Permadi. 1988. “Pengawetan Kayu Agathis, Bungur, Karet dan Tusam Dengan Metode Pencelupan.” Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan 5 (5): 303–6.

Ditjenbun. 2010. “Data Luas Perkebunan Karet.”

Dumanau, J.F. 2001. Mengenal Kayu. Yogyakarta.

Haygreen, JG, and Bowyer. 1989. Hasil Hutan dan Ilmu Kayu: Suatu Pengantar. Penerjemah: Sutjipto A. H. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Jamilatun, Siti, Siti Salamah, Lia Aslihati, and Widya Suminar. 2016. “Pengaruh Perendaman Ikan Nila Dengan Asap Cair (Liquid Smoke) Terhadap Daya Simpan.” In Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi, 1–8.

Koswara, Sutrisno. 2009. Pewarna Alami: Produksi dan Penggunaannya. http://tekpan.unimus.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/PEWARNAALAMI.pdf.

Lala, Neil Steward, Jenki Pongoh, and Nurmeilita Taher. 2017. “Penggunaan Asap Cair Cangkang Pala (Myristica Fragrans) Sebagai Bahan Pengawet Pada Pengolahan Ikan Tongkol (Euthinnus Affinis) Asap.” Jurna Media Teknologi Hasil Perikanan 5 (1): 118–23.

Mardikanto, T.R, S Karlina, and E.F Bahtiar. 2011. Sifat Mekanis Kayu. Bogor. IPB Press.

Martawijaya, A, and S Abdurrohim. 1984. Spesifikasi Pengawetan Kayu Untuk Perumahan. Edisi keti. Bogor: Pusat Penelitisn dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan.

Muflihati, Deded S Nawawi, Istie S Rahayu, and Wasrin Syafii. 2014. “Perubahan Warna Kayu Jabon Terwarnai Ekstrak Kulit Kayu Samak (Syzygium Inophyllum).” Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis 12: 14–15.

Pasaraeng, Erling, Jemmy Abidjulu, and Max R J Runtuwene. 2013. “Pemanfaatan Rimpang Kunyit (Curcuma Domestica Val) Dalam Upaya Mempertahankan Mutu Ikan Layang ( Decapterus Sp ).” Jurnal MIPA UNSRAT 2 (2): 84–87.

Purwani, Eni, and Muwakhidah. 2008. “The Effect of Natural Preservatives as Formalin Substitute Toward The Organoleptic Characteristics and The Storage Time of Meat and Fish.” Jurnal Penelitian Sains Dan Teknologi 9 (1): 1–14.

Putri, Nadya, Evalina Herawati, and Ridwanti Batubara. 2013. “Pengawetan Kayu Karet (Hevea Braziliensis MUELL Arg) Menggunakan Asam Borat (H3BO3) Dengan Metode Pengawetan Rendaman Panas Dingin,” 1–8.

Solichin, M, A Anwar, and N Tedjaputra. 2007. “Penggunaan Asap Cair Dalam Pengolahan RSS.” Jurnal Peneltian Karet 25 (1): 83–94.

Sugihartono. 2009. “Asap Cair Sebagai Bahan Pengawet Pangan.” Jurnal Riset Teknologi Industri 3 (6): 35038.

Sugiman, Abdul Hayyi Nu’man, and Emmy Dyah Sulistyowati. 2014. “Pengaruh Kadar Air Awal Kayu Jati dan Suhu Curing Perekat Pada Kekuatan Geser Sambungan Kayu Jati (Tectona Grandis) Secara Perekatan.” Dinamika Teknik Mesin 4 (2): 96–102.

Suheryanto, Dwi. 2010. “Pengaruh Konsentrasi Cupri Sulfat Terhadap Keawetan Kayu Karet.” In Seminar Rekayasa Kimia Dan Proses, 1–12.

Usman, F. 2006. Mengenal Sifat Fisika Kayu. Buku Ajar Fakultas Kehutanan UNTAN. Pontianak.

Vachlepi, Afrizal, Didin Suwardin, and Sherly Hanifarianty. 2015. “Pengawetan Kayu Karet Menggunakan Bahan Organik Dengan Teknik Perendaman Panas.” Jurnal Penelitian Karet 33 (1): 57–64. https://doi.org/10.22302/jpk.v33i1.171.

Yunasfi. 2002. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Memengaruhi Perkembangan Penyakit dan Penyakit Yang Disebabkan Oleh Jamur.” Universitas Sumatera Utara, 1–13.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/widyariset.5.2.2019.65-74

Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2020 Widyariset

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by :